Gout and Pseudogout

Gout and Pseudogout

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Gout and pseudogout are forms of arthritis caused by the deposition of crystals in and around joints. They are characteristed by ‘flareups’ which can be triggered by illness, trauma and types of foods. When flareups occur, the affected joint(s) becomes swollen, hot, painful and stiff. 

Gout and pseudogout can mimic other disease processes, such as infection. It is very important that the diagnosis is made, as the treatments are much different. A needle aspiration of the joint fluid may be required for accurate diagnosis. Gout and pseudogout can be managed effectively with medications such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatories and corticosteroids. Anti-gout medications like colchicine and allopurinol must also be optimised. 

Gout and pseudogout flareups very rarely require operations, but occasionally a joint washout may improve symptoms.

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