Infections What is it? Infections of joints are emergencies, as prolonged infections leads to destruction of joint cartilage coating the ends of bones. Infections can be caused by direct innoculation of bacteria into a joint, or spread from the bloodstream from a distant site (such as a cut on the skin, or an ulcer in …

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Gout and Pseudogout

Gout and Pseudogout What is it? Gout and pseudogout are forms of arthritis caused by the deposition of crystals in and around joints. They are characteristed by ‘flareups’ which can be triggered by illness, trauma and types of foods. When flareups occur, the affected joint(s) becomes swollen, hot, painful and stiff.  How is it treated …

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Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatoid Arthritis What is it? Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic inflammatory disease which affects multiple systems in the body, and is due to an autoimmune response. It is of unknown cause, and usually affects females over the age of 40. In the musculoskeletal system, it causes inflammation and joint destruction, leading to pain, swollen joints, …

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